Planning Your Garden Pond
Before you begin decide whether you really want a pond in your garden. A lot of work is involved in constructing a pond and you will need to carry out regularly maintenance work to keep it looking good and a suitable environment for wildlife and plants.
If you decide to go ahead then the major decisions you will need to make at the planning stage are where to site your pond and how big it should be. It is commonly thought that you need a very large garden to accommodate a pond but a pond can be as small as two metres so will it in a lot of smaller gardens too.
Siting your pond is critical to its success. You need to take into consideration the following:
You should be able to view your garden pond from a window so that you can watch birds drink and bathe in it.
Choose a site that is fairly warm and sunny and has some vegetation growing around it. Ideally, your garden pond should face a southerly to westerly direction.
Try to find the lowest point of your garden to position your pond as it will collect rainwater more easily than a pond that is sited high up a slope.
Don’t site your pond under large, overhanging trees, as these block out the sunlight and will cause problems with falling leaves in the autumn.
Plan the shape of your pond. Avoid straight, regular sides and go for a smooth, curved shape. Before you begin digging your pond mark out the shape with a length of rope or hosepipe. This will help you visualise what the pond will look like when it is finished.
To work out the size of lining you will need for your pond use the pond calculator here
And remember, all ponds, no matter how small and shallow, are a danger to young children so remember to consider their safety.