Key facts

Scientific name: Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Status: Resident breeding species

Breeding birds: 370 – 500 pairs

Conservation status: Green

Family: Crows & allies

Length: 39 – 40 cm
Wingspan: 72 – 90 cm
Weight: 260 – 360 g

What do choughs look like?

Choughs have velvety, blue-black plumage with a green sheen on the wings and tail. The wings are broad with widely spread long primaries when in flight. The slender bill which curves downwards is red, the eyes are black, and the legs and feet are red with black claws. Male and female choughs look similar.

Juvenile choughs are duller than adults with an orange bill, and pink or grey legs and feet.

How do choughs breed?

Choughs breed between March and May and produce one brood a season Both male and female choughs build the nest in crevices and cavities of abandoned buildings, cliff faces and ledges, caves and mine shafts. It is a loose structure made from twigs and roots lined with mud and lined with softer materials such as wool and hair.

Choughs lay 3-5 pale cream or green eggs with brown and grey markings which are incubated by the female for 17 days who is fed by the male. Chicks have full plumage at about 40 days but remain near the nest and continue to be fed by both parents for another week. They become independent a month later but remain in the family group until the following breeding season. They reach sexual maturity at 3 years old.

What do choughs eat?

Choughs eat insects and larvae including caterpillars, grasshoppers, spiders and worms. They will also eat berries in winter.


Where can I see choughs ?

Choughs can be found near the west coasts of Wales, Cornwall, Ireland and the Isle of Man.

What do choughs sound like?

Dmitry Kulakov/xeno-canto

Did you know?

The chough is sometimes known as the ‘Cornish chough’ due to its close association with the county. It is found on the coat of arms and legend has it that the soul of King Arthur departed this world in the form of a chough.

Seen a bird and not sure what it is?

Try our interactive bird identifier

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Shop Bird Care

Bird tables, feeders, nest boxes & more

Discover more birds

Golden Oriole

Lapland Bunting



Great Northern Diver


Meadow Pipit


Pectoral Sandpiper