Scientific name: Streptopelia decaocto
Status: Resident breeding species
Breeding birds: 990,000 pairs
Conservation status: Green
Length: 29 – 32 cm
Wingspan: 51 cm
Weight: 125 – 500 g
Collared doves have buff-grey upperparts with a grey back. Flight feathers are dark brown with a blue-grey fore edge. They have a pinkish flush on their chin, throat and chest and a pale grey belly. Their undertail feathers are dark grey with white tips and the underwing is pale grey.
Collared doves have pale grey foreheads and crowns with a pink nape and neck and a distinctive black neck collar. They have black bills, dark red eyes with a white eye-ring and pink legs.
Juvenile collared doves look like adults with lighter plumage and they do not have the black neck collar
Collared doves build their nests in the fork of a tree or shrub up to 20 metres off the ground. Both adults build the nest which a loose platform constructed from twigs, stems, roots and grasses. Some nests are so flimsy that the eggs and chicks can fall through the gaps to the ground.
Collared doves lay 2 white, slightly glossy eggs which are incubated by both parents for 14-18 days. Chicks are fed with crop milk and they fledge 15-19 days after hatching.
Collared doves feed on seeds, buds, grain, fruits, berries insects and other invertebrates.
Where to see them
Collared doves can be seen all over the UK particularly in towns and villages and are regular visitors to gardens.
José Carlos Sires/xeno-canto
Did you know?
Collared doves only started breeding in the UK in the 1950s having arrived from Asia. They are now so widespread that they are one of the top ten most visited birds to British gardens.