Scientific name: Numenius arquata
Status: Resident breeding species
Breeding birds: 66,000 pairs
Wintering birds: 140,000
Conservation status: Red
Length: 50 – 60 cm
Wingspan: 80 – 100 cm
Weight: 400 – 1400 g
In breeding season, curlews have pale brown heads and necks with black streaks. Their mantles have dark spots and their lower backs and rumps are white. Their underparts are white with darker streaks and their tails have dark brown bars.
Curlews have bills which are about 15 cm long with a downward curve. Their eyes are dark brown and legs and feet are grey.
Out of breeding season curlews have darker plumage which is greyer in colour. Juveniles look similar to adults with less streaking
Curlews build their nests in grass or sedge. The male makes a scrape in the ground which the female lines with fine grasses and feathers.
Curlews lay 4 olive-brown eggs with dark markings which are incubated by both sexes for 27-29 days. Chicks are precocial and both parents care for them until they fledge 32-40 days after hatching.
Curlews eat mainly crustaceans, worms, molluscs, seeds and berries. Occasionally they will also supplement their diet with small fish, amphibians, young birds and eggs.
Where to see them
Curlews can be seen all year round on the coastlines of the UK.
Did you know?
In Scotland curlews are known as whaups.