Scientific name: Corvus cornix
Status: Resident breeding species
Breeding birds: 260,000 pairs
Conservation status: Amber
Length: 48 – 54 cm
Wingspan: 84 – 102 cm
Weight: 390 – 600 g
Hooded crows are similar to carrion crows except they have two colour plumage. They have greyish-white bodies and black wings, tails, heads and bibs.
Hooded crows have a strong black bill, dark brown eyes and dark grey legs and feet. Male and female hooded crows look similar.
Juvenile hooded crows are duller with black markings on their underparts, although some can be almost entirely black with a few grey feathers.
Hooded crows breed in colonies with nests spaced apart. Both male and female build the nest in tall trees, pylons or cliff edges and occasionally on the ground. It is cup-shaped and made from sticks, twigs and sometimes bones lined with heather and wool.
Hooded crows lay 4-5 pale blue eggs with dark spots. They are incubated by the female for 17-20 days and both parents feed the chicks which fledge between 3 and 5 weeks after hatching. They will not be independent for another 2-3 weeks and will live in the family group until the first winter.
Hooded crows are omnivorous and eat a varied diet of berries, insects, eggs of other birds and carrion.
Where to see them
Hooded crows can be found in north and west Scotland, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man.
Did you know?
Although regarded as a separate species, hooded crows have been known to breed with carrion crows where their ranges cross.