Scientific name: Aquila chrysaetos
Status: Resident breeding species
Breeding birds: 440 pairs
Conservation status: Ambe
Length: 70 – 84 cm
Wingspan: 185 – 220 cm
Weight: 3 – 6.4 kg
Golden eagles have dark golden-brown upperparts with a paler, golden crown and nape and grey flight feathers.
Golden eagles’ legs are entirely covered in feathers and adults have a dark tipped bill.
Immature golden eagles have white patches on the underside of the wing and a white tail with a dark band.
Golden eagles make their nests from large twigs and roots and lined it with moss, bark, fur and other soft material. Nests can measure up to 3 m across.
Golden eagles lay 2-4 whitish eggs with cinnamon brown spots and are incubated usually by the female for 43-45 days. The young fledge at 72-84 days but rely on their parents for another 3 months.
Golden eagles have a varied diet comprising mammals such as rabbits, mice and foxes, other birds including game birds and snakes. They will also feed on carrion.
Where to see them
Golden eagles can be seen all year round in the open moorlands and mountains of Scotland. There are also a few golden eagles living in North West England.
Did you know?
Golden eagles will eat tortoises, cracking the shell by dropping them from a great height so they can access the meat inside.