Ducks, Geese & Swans

Order: Anseriformes
Family: Anatidaebr

Ducks, geese and swans are a large species of birds that range in size from the very small to some of the largest. They have adapted well to living on and around water with flat bills and webbed, leathery feet, and their feathers are excellent at repelling water. Their wings are short and pointed with strong muscles that beat rapidly in flight. They tend to have short, strong legs set far back on their body which can make some species awkward on land.

They are found all over the world on every continent in a range of wetland habitats except the open ocean. They eat mainly plant material although some species will supplement their diet with fish, molluscs, and aquatic arthropods.

Many ducks, geese and swans display sexual dimorphism with the male having colourful plumage while the female is dull brown. They are generally monogamous and most species have evolved to copulate on the water. They will construct their nests from whatever materials are close at hand and will line them with down plucked from the mother’s breast. Chicks are precocial and can feed themselves soon after birth.

There are 174 species of ducks, geese, and swans worldwide, 59 of which are found in the UK.

Species marked with a are occasional visitors.

American Wigeon
Mareca americana
Baikal Teal
Sibirionetta formosa
Barnacle Goose
Branta leucopsis
Barrow's Goldeneye
Bucephala islandica
Bewick's Swan
Cygnus columbianus
Black Duck
Anas rubripes
Black Scoter
Melanitta americana
Blue-Winged Teal
Spatula discors
Brent Goose
Branta bernicla
Bufflehead
Bucephala albeola
Cackling Goose
Branta hutchinsii
Canada Goose
Branta canadensis
Canvasback
Canvasback
Aythya valisineria
Common Scoter
Melanitta nigra
Egyptian Goose
Alopochen aegyptiaca
Eider
Somateria mollissima
Falcated Duck
Falcated Duck
Mareca falcata
Ferruginous Duck
Ferruginous Duck
Aythya nyroca
Gadwall
Mareca strepera
Garganey
Spatula querquedula
Goldeneye
Bucephala clangula
Goosander
Mergus merganser
Green-Winged Teal
Green-Winged Teal
Anas carolinensis
Greylag Goose
Anser anser
Harlequin Duck
Harlequin Duck
Histrionicus histrionicus
Hooded Merganser
Hooded Merganser
Lophodytes cucullatus
King Eider
King Eider
Somateria spectabilis
Lesser Scaup
Lesser Scaup
Aythya affinis
Lesser White-Fronted Goose
Anser erythropus
Long-Tailed Duck
Clangula hyemalis
Mallard
Anas platyrhynchos
Mandarin Duck
Aix galericulata
Mute Swan
Cygnus olor
Pink-Footed Goose
Anser fabalis
Pintail
Anas acuta
Pochard
Aythya ferina
Red-Breasted Goose
Branta ruficollis
Red-Breasted Merganser
Mergus serrator
Red-Crested Pochard
Red-Crested Pochard
Netta rufina
Redhead
Redhead
Aythya americana
Ring-Necked Duck
Ring-Necked Duck
Aythya collaris
Ruddy Duck
Oxyura jamaicensis
Ruddy Shelduck
Tadorna ferruginea
Scaup
Aythya marila
Shelduck
Tadorna tadorna
Shoveler
Spatula clypeata
Smew
Mergellus albellus
Snow Goose
Anser caerulescens
Steller's Eider
Steller's Eider
Polysticta stelleri
Surf Scoter
Surf Scoter
Melanitta perspicillata
coming-soon
Taiga Bean Goose
Anser fabalis
Teal
Anas crecca
Tufted Duck
Aythya fuligula
coming-soon
Tundra Bean Goose
Anser serrirostris
Velvet Scoter
Melanitta fusca
White-Fronted Goose
Anser albifrons
White-Winged Scoter
Melanitta deglandi
Whooper Swan
Cygnus cygnus
Wigeon
Mareca penelope

BIRD SPOT FORUMS